Bharatpur lies at the confluence of the Ruparel and Banganga rivers, at an altitude of 250 meters. t is equidistant from both Delhi and Jaipur at 176 km and is best known for its bird sanctuary-the Keoladeo Ghana National Park – finest in Asia rich avian variety. Every year the rare Siberian cranes come to spend the winter in the warmer climate of Bharatpur. Of the remnants of the royal past remains the marvelous Bharatpur Palace housing a rich repository of a large number of ancient exhibit that date back to the early 15th century.
Well connected with three most important tourist destinations of India, namely Delhi, Agra and Jaipur, it holds an important place in the Indian history.
There are various places to see in Bharatpur:-
Keoladev National Park
One of the finest sanctuaries in the world, inundated with over 400 species of water birds, it is a paradise for avian world. Renowned for its World Heritage listed bird sanctuary, it was once the hunting estate of the Maharajas, with daily shoots recorded upto 4,000 birds. It was also known, as the best duck shooting resort in the British Empire, but was declared a reserve for birds in 1956 and later upgraded to a National Park. The geographical location is ideal, as it is on the main North-South avian route of India. The kingfishers, pelicans, Siberian cranes, open billed storks, painted bill storks, egret, ibis, cormorant, darter or snake bird, spoonbill and the grey herons are some of the exotic species. Plenty of ducks species and predatory birds are attracted towards the park, completing the avian food chain of the ecosystem. Exotic migratory birds come here in July/Aug, to spend the winters in the warmer climate and they breed till Oct/Nov. Vehicles are only permitted unto Shanti Kutir inside the park. The Electra, of the forest department, can be engaged in the sanctuary.
The Lohagarh or the Iron Fort remained invincible to many British attacks. The massive iron structure, built in the early 18th century, is very different from the other forts in the state, as there is no flamboyance associated with this fort but generates an aura of strength and magnificence. Some interesting monuments in the fort are Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas. The Government Museum within the fort has a rich collection of antiquities, exquisite sculptures and some ancient inscriptions. These are of immense historical value, and the royal lineage as well as the record of local life of the bygone era, can be traced back.
A rich collection of artifacts, exquisitely carved sculptures and ancient inscriptions can be admired in the Government Museum located in the Palaces. All these items speak volumes about the rich heritage, art and crafts of the region.
Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj
A few of the eight imposing towers still stand erect within the glorious ramparts of the Fort. Especially two of them – Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj are of special interest. These were built by Maharaja Suraj Mal to commemorate his victories over the Mughals and British respectively.
This royal edifice is a fusion of the Mughal and Rajpat architectural styles with magnificent apartments and intricately designed floor tiles having interesting patterns. One can marvel at the ancient exhibits displayed in the museum in the central part of the palace Rajput King, Raja Man Singh.
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