Rathores cliam their descent from the Sun through Lord Rama of Ayodhya and are Suryavanshi Rajputs.
The Rathores of Marwar-Jodhpur whose scions also conquered and established eight independant kingdoms in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat are descendents from Rao Seoji in the 13th Century AD. Rathores established themselves in Marwar. The Chief of the clan in 1459 Rao Jodha Shifted his capital from Mandore and constructed the invincible fort of Mehrangarh around which Jodhpur, his capital, named after him grew.
In the reign of Maharaja Umaid Singh Jodhpur grew as a modern city. The equestrian skill is very famous in Jodhpur. Polo has been the traditional sport of the Jodhpur since the medieval times.
There are various places to see in Jodhpur:-
One of the most fascinating palace in Rajasthan is the Umaid Bhavan, which was built by Maharaja Umaid Singhji. It is an amulgum of western lifestyles and it reflects an Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester, there are three hundred and forty seven rooms in Umaid Palace. It is indeed a spectacular Palace. The Palace now is a five star deluxe palace hotel. The Umaid Bhavan Palace has a magnificent musuem which displays various artifacts.
The most magnificent fort inRajasthan is the Mehrangarh Fort founded by Rao Jodha in 1459 but subsequent rulers of Jodhpur have also contributed over the centuries.There are seven gates, some are named for Victory like the Jayapol and the Fattehpol also meaning victory gate. This gate was built by Maharaja Ajit Singh to mark the defeat of Mughals.
There is a museums in the fortwhich has an interesting collection of old royal palanquins, arms and costumes.Phool Mahal in Mehrangarh fort was the private residence of the rulers. The ceiling shows rich gold filigiree. The Phool Mahal was created by Maharaja Abhey Singh.
Mandore was the former capital of Maharajas of Marwar. Here you will find the cenotaphs of Jodhpur’s former rulers.
Each are Four stories high with fine columns and an elegant spire, all in red sandstone. The most impressive cenotaph of Maharaja Ajit Singh (reigned 1678-1724). These cenotaphs are made in a well landscaped gardens. The garden make a popular local attraction.
The “Hall of Heroes”, which has 1sixteen gigantic figures of local heroes chiseled out of one single rock are worth visiting.
Mandore has extensive laid out gardens which are very popular as picnic place.
GUDA (a Bishnoi Village – 22 Kms from Jodhpur )
Where you find exotic wild life. During the season thousands of birds can be seen here, like domicile Cranes etc. One can view the antelopes and black bucks in the surrounding area.
OSIAN (65 Kms from Jodhpur )
Is the ancient town of osian, an archeologists delight, has 16 Brahamanical and Jain Temples, beautifully sculpted and designed. Osian is surrounded by golden sand dunes.
KHICHAN (135 Kms from Jodhpur )
Migratory Demoiselle cranes locally called as Kurjan are seen in large numbers during winters. The villagers of Khichan feed these birds. The village is very popular with tourists. While going to Jaisalmer from Jodhpur one can go via Osian and Khichan and return via Pokaran and Dechuen.
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