Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is one of the famous National Parks in India. Wedged between Aravali and Vindhyas, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is located 14 km from Sawai Madhopur on the midway between the towns of Bharatpur and Kota in Rajasthan India. Covering 400 sq km of the forested region, Ranthambore National Park was announced a wildlife sanctuary in 1957. It was taken under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1974. Ranthambore was declared a national park in 1981.

Ranthambore tiger reserve’s romantic setting, with a 1000 year old abandoned fortress, turquoise lakes and especially it’s ‘friendly’ tigers have made Ranthambore a popular destination for wildlife film makers. Tigers are readily observed during daylight, hunting or lazing about, oblivious of jeep-loads of tourists and their cameras. Ranthambore was once the private hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur.

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The region of Ranthambore is rich in history. This region was under the control of the Rajput King Hamir but was defeated by Ala-ud-din Khilji’s army in AD 1301. The history of Ranthambore reached the pinnacle of its glory when Emperor Akbar captured it in 1569 AD. He also took over the control of the fort from the Rajputs. The painters and artists have painted this event in miniature paintings of the Akbarnama. The fort was transferred to the Kachwaha rulers of Jaipur later and remained under their control till 1949 when Jaipur was made the part of Rajasthan. The region is celebrated for several hunting parties organized in this region for dignitaries.

Flora & Fauna in Ranthambore National Park :-

The Protection of the flora and fauna is the main concern of the management of the Reserve. When the tiger reserve was created, there were 12 villages inside and the whole area was allowed for grazing, and rights and concessions of the local people existed. After creation of tiger reserve the villages were shifted, grazing was restricted and rights and concessions of fuel wood and timber are allowed in a limited area (i.e. buffer zone) only.

Major Flora :
Main Species : Dhok mixed with Khair, Raunj, Goya, Chhela, Pipal, Vad, Amaltas, Gurjan, Siris Saintha, Gular, Tendu.

Major Fauna:
Main Species : Tiger, Leopard, Caracal, Ratel, Jungle Cat, Chital, Sambar, Blue Bull, Chinkara, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Jackal, Hyena, Common Langur, Common fox.

Climate :-

The climate of Ranthambore is of a typical desert type i.e. in the extreme. Ranthambore weather experiences a dry and hot summer season, lasting from April to June. The average temperature remains in the range of 37.0° C (max) to 23.0° C (min). The climatic conditions of Ranthambore, Rajasthan in winters range from being cool to being chilly. Stretching from October to March, the winter season witnesses average temperature around 29.0° C (max) to 9.1° C (min). The days are sunny and pleasant days but nights can see the temperature dipping to quite a low degree. The best time to visit Ranthambore is during 1st October to 30th June. At any other time, the park is closed for visitors.

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